Many innocent civilians in Afghanistan, Pakistan an Libya are killed by so called drones. The drone is an unmanned aircraft designed by Israel.   The Israelis are denied entry into Afghanistan, but nevertheless, Israel provide ‘security’ for the coalition in Afghanistan. Israeli drones are used by Canada, France, Australia and Germany in Afghanistan. Today, Israeli specialists are on the air base at Ein Shemer for training the flight of “Herons” repainted in the colors of Germany.

The idea of the drone is partly based on the V-1 and V-2 rocket that Germany used to bomb London. In total, the V-1 attacks caused 22,892 casualties (almost entirely civilians).   Of more than 10,000 V-1 launched, 7488 reached England, 3957 were destroyed and only 3531 reached London. More than six thousand civilians were killed and eighteen thousand were wounded. The 1150 V-2 that landed in London killed 2,742 civilians and wounded 6467. The total property damage was 23,000 houses totally destroyed and 100,000 damaged while the RAF lost 490 aircraft.

The V-2 rocket (in Germany called the A-4) was small by comparison to today’s rockets. It achieved its great thrust by burning a mixture of liquid oxygen and alcohol and was able to lob a one-ton warhead 50 miles high and hundreds of miles down range. The rocket fuselage was made of thin, collapsible metal that was inflated with the introduction of fuel into the tanks. Once launched, the V-2 was a weapon that could devastate entire city blocks. Fortunately for London and the Allied forces, the V-2 came too late in the War to change its outcome. Nevertheless, by the War’s end, German rocket scientists and engineers had already laid plans for advanced missiles capable of spanning the Atlantic Ocean and landing in the United States. With the fall of Germany, many unused V-2 rockets and components were captured by the Allies. Many German rocket scientists came to the United States, while others went to the Soviet Union. Both the United States and the Soviet Union realized the potential of the rocket as a military weapon and began a variety of experimental programs. The United States began developing its space program with high-altitude atmospheric sounding rockets. On October 4, 1957, the world was stunned by the news of the world’s first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union.

Photo: German V2



  1. kruitvat Post author

    Terror weapons

    Hitler’s Terror Weapons

    Carbonero launches a Loon in 1949 testing.
    The Loon was an Americanized version of the German V-1 buzz bomb. The Carbonero did not have a hanger to house the missile.
    She performed her missile experiments with an
    SS designation instead of an SSG.

    The Development of the Guided Missile Submarine
    From the outset of its development the submarine was considered a “strategic” weapon; many saw it being used to blockade an enemy’s coastlines, starve his population, and force surrender. German U-boats were used in this way in both World Wars, while U.S. submarines in the Pacific during 1942-1945 helped to bring devastation to the Japanese homeland.

    Still, submarines were “tactical” weapons in the same sense that they were used as naval weapons at sea. Admittedly, in World War II they did on occasion land agents or raiders on hostile beaches, and shell enemy coasts. Japanese submarines twice launched small floatplanes to bomb the American coast. But their ability to inflict major damage on enemy territory was virtually nil.

    The German Army of the Third Reich appears to have first looked at the concept of firing missiles from submarines. During the war the submarine U-511 was experimentally fitted with six rocket-launching racks by engineers from the Peenemunde rocket research center. These were small, bombardment rockets. The U-511 moved out into the Baltic and, with her deck about twenty-five feet beneath the waves, successfully fired some two dozen of the four-foot rockets, which struck the surface some two miles away.

    German Army-Navy interservice rivalry prevented continuation of the tests, although the German Navy later tried unsuccessfully to repeat the rocket-firing experiments. Then, in the closing stages of World War II a number of German V-1 “buzz bombs” fell into American hands. An airbreathing pulsejet engine could propel the 25-foot missile at 360 m.p.h. for about 150 miles (later boosted to 230 miles by the Germans). Preset guidance devices could send the V-1 diving on a fixed target with a 2,200pound high-explosive warhead.

    The U.S. Army and Navy immediately expressed interest in using V-1s to attack Japan in the final assaults of the war, planned for 1945-46. Although not employed by U.S. Forces, the V-1 was extensively tested by the American services and an Americanized version known as the “Loon” was produced. The U.S. Navy modified the fleet submarine Cusk (SS-348) with a ramp for launching the Loon, and on February 12, 1947, she launched the first guided missile to be fired from a submarine. More shots followed and the fleet boat Carbonero (SS-337) was similarly modified.

  2. kruitvat Post author


    German research to develop secret weapons 1930-42

    German rocket scientists had two unofficial research projects “on the drawing board” as early as 1930: a “pilotless plane” (or “robot bomb”), and a long range rocket. The Nazis were sufficiently impressed to give their leader Werner von Braun a rocket base and test-firing range at Peenemunde on the Baltic coast. By 1937 both projects were being developed by the Nazi German government.

    Development of the V1 robot bomb 1942-43
    Hitler also authorised full-scale development work on the “pilotless airplane” in June 1942. On paper it looked ideal, given the bottlenecks and shortages plaguing Germany’s war effort – it was built of plywood and sheet steel, so didn’t use scarce aluminium; it burnt low grade petrol instead of aviation spirit; it only took 500 man-hours to manufacture (excluding the explosive and autopilot).

    1944: launching V1s from Northern France
    By spring 1944 the war was going badly for Germany. The first V1 “doodlebugs” were not launched until June 13th – a few days after the D-Day landings. Their long launching ramps (right) were hidden in forests, but easily spotted from the air, so were rapidly bombed. The Germans switched to mobile ramps, which they moved around the Pas-de-Calais area.
    Almost 9,250 V1’s were fired against London, but less than 2,500 reached their target. In flight they were almost as vulnerable as their ramps: about 2,000 were destroyed by anti-aircraft gunfire; 2,000 by fighter planes, and almost 300 by barrage balloons.

    Feared long-range V2 rockets
    Meanwhile V2 rocket was only a few months behind. Since 1943, two heavily-protected launch-pads had been under construction near St-Omer: the ‘blockhaus’ at Eperlecques and La Coupole. An elaborate supply network was in place, using concentration camp prisoners to assemble the mechanisms for this, the most sophisticated weapon of World War 2, in Germany, then take them by rail to France. The V2 rocket carried 2,000 lbs of explosive, and took only 4 seconds to reach its target at up to 3,500 mph. It was feared because it came down from the stratosphere without warning – unlike the “doodlebug” V1’s, it could not be spotted, nor shot down in flight.

    V2 launching bases – never used
    During 1943-4 Allied bombing targetted the V-weapon bases, and the railways that supplied them – achieving vital delays. By the time V2 rockets were ready to fire (September 1944), the Allies had captured the still unfinished bases in north France. So the Germans set up mobile launchers in Holland, and managed to fire over 1,000 V2’s in a last-ditch attack against London, with a success rate as high as 50%. Continental targets included Lille, Arras, Cambrai, and Brussels. Paris was by this time out of range.

    V3, the third vengeance weapon, consisted of barrages of small rocket projectiles fired from an underground cannon and capable of reaching London from the north French coast at a speed of 1500 metres a second.

    Waves of 300 rockets an hour could have been fired, but the V3 was also abandoned unfinished as Allied troops captured it after D-Day. Both the V2 and V3 bases were subjected to heavy bombing raids with the “Tallboy” – a bomb specially developed to pierce the thick concrete of the V-weapon bases.

  3. kruitvat Post author

    NATO does not protect civilians—Russian MP says
    Moscow : Russia | May 01, 2011 BY Gino C. Matibag (+video)

    A member of the Russian government said the NATO air strike that killed Libyan leader’s family members was evidence that the coalition body was not protecting civilians.

    It was reported in various media sources that Muammar Gaddafi’s youngest son, Saif al-Arab, and three grandchildren under age 12 were killed in an attack in one of his houses, said Reuters.
    Konstantin Kosachev told Interfax news agency on Sunday, “(It is) a clear confirmation of the indiscriminate use of force by the anti-Libyan coalition.
    “More and more facts indicate that the purpose of the anti-Libyan coalition is to physically destroy Gaddafi.”
    Caracas and Moscow both criticized Saturday night’s attack that killed four family members of the dictator.
    UK’s David Cameron stressed that the coalition was acting within the bounds of what the UN Security Council allowed them to do, said the Guardian.
    NATO’s commander Lt. Gen. Charles Bouchard said, “All Nato’s targets are military in nature and have been clearly linked to the Gaddafi regime’s systematic attacks on the Libyan population and populated areas. We do not target individuals.
    “I am aware of unconfirmed media reports that some of Gaddafi’s family members may have been killed. We regret all loss of life, especially the innocent civilians being harmed as a result of the ongoing conflict. NATO is fulfilling its UN mandate to stop and prevent attacks against civilians with precision and care – unlike Gaddafi’s forces, which are causing so much suffering.”
    The prime minister of Russia Vladimir Putin had earlier criticized the imposition of no-fly zone in Libya. He said the NATO went over the limits of the UN resolution to protect civilians.
    Many doubt the veracity of the news. A tweet from Reuters said: “UK foreign minister says has no verification that one of Gaddafi’s sons killed in NATO attack.”

    Details of this report here.
    Gino C. Matibag is based in Manila, National Capital Region, Philippines, and is Anchor for Allvoices


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